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Why Isn't Mexico Rich?

Gordon Hanson ()

Journal of Economic Literature, 2010, vol. 48, issue 4, pages 987-1004

Abstract: Over the last three decades, Mexico has aggressively reformed its economy, opening to foreign trade and investment, achieving fiscal discipline, and privatizing state owned enterprises. Despite these efforts, the country's economic growth has been lackluster, trailing that of many other developing nations. In this paper, I review arguments for why Mexico hasn't sustained higher rates of economic growth. The most prominent suggest that some combination of poorly functioning credit markets, distortions in the supply of nontraded inputs, and perverse incentives for informality creates a drag on productivity growth. These are factors internal to Mexico. One possible external factor is that the country has the bad luck of exporting goods that China sells, rather than goods that China buys. I assess evidence from recent literature on these arguments and suggest directions for future research. (JEL E23, E65, F14, O10, O20, O47)

JEL-codes: E23 E65 F14 O10 O20 O47 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2010
Note: DOI: 10.1257/jel.48.4.987
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