The Economics of HIV/AIDS in Low-Income Countries: The Case for Prevention
David Canning ()
Journal of Economic Perspectives, 2006, vol. 20, issue 3, 121-142
There are two approaches to reducing the burden of sickness and death associated with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which leads to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS): treatment and prevention. Despite large international aid flows for HIV/AIDS, the needs for prevention and treatment in low- and middle-income countries outstrip the resources available. Thus, it becomes necessary to set priorities. With limited resources, should the focus of efforts to combat HIV/AIDS be on prevention or treatment? I discuss the range of prevention and treatment alternatives and examine their cost effectiveness. I consider various arguments that have been raised against the use of cost-effectiveness analysis in setting public policy priorities for the response to HIV/AIDS in developing countries. I conclude that promoting AIDS treatment using antiretrovirals in resource-constrained countries comes at a huge cost in terms of avoidable deaths that could be prevented through interventions that would substantially lower the scale of the epidemic.
Note: DOI: 10.1257/jep.20.3.121
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations View citations in EconPapers (30) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: http://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:aea:jecper:v:20:y:2006:i:3:p:121-142
Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
Access Statistics for this article
Journal of Economic Perspectives is currently edited by David H. Autor
More articles in Journal of Economic Perspectives from American Economic Association Contact information at EDIRC.
Series data maintained by Jane Voros ().