Based on the conclusion of the related researches on Chinaâ€™s rural poverty alleviation policies and poverty problems, studies of Chinese scholars on the convergence between rural minimum subsistence system and the development policies of poverty alleviation are illustrated and personal understandings proposed. On the one hand, considering the actual situations of the quickening of Chinaâ€™s urbanization and deepening of poverty, it is necessary to make significant adjustment and transformation in Chinaâ€™s poverty reduction policies and minimum subsistence security system. On the other hand, it is pointed out that there is no omnipotent experience to follow in the convergence of minimum subsistence security system and poverty reduction policies. The actual conditions in various regions should be taken into consideration. And it is suggested that China should achieve the organic integration of rural minimum subsistence security system and poverty alleviation policies from management, capital and policy.