Best management practices (BMPs) for cropping systems that involve conservation tillage and nutrient management are proposed as potential win-win solutions for both farmers and the environment. While originally targeted as a means for improving soil and water quality, these BMPs may also contribute to the mitigation of greenhouse gases (GHGs). Mitigation efforts have focused primarily on the ability of BMPs to sequester carbon and the subsequent potential revenue source carbon sequestration may represent to farmers. Increasingly, evidence from experimental stations calls into question the potential for C-sequestration with reduced tillage in soils in Eastern Canada. However, there are other ways in which BMPs can reduce GHG emissions: lowering fuel and nitrogen fertilizer consumption and, potentially, lowering emissions of nitrous oxide from the soil. This article examines the profitability and emission reduction potential of best management cropping practices for Ontario.