Cigarette Smoking Practices and Its Determinants Among University Students in Southwest, Nigeria
OA Babatunde (),
OE Elegbede (),
LM Ayodele (),
OA Atoyebi (),
DO Ibirongbe () and
AO Adeagbo ()
Additional contact information OA Babatunde: Department of Community Medicine, Federal Medical Center, Ido-Ekiti, Nigeria
OE Elegbede: Department of Community Medicine, Federal Medical Center, Ido-Ekiti, Nigeria
LM Ayodele: Department of Behavioral Sciences, Federal Medical Center, Ido-Ekiti, Nigeria
OA Atoyebi: Department of Community Medicine, Federal Medical Center, Ido-Ekiti, Nigeria
DO Ibirongbe: Department of Community Medicine, Federal Medical Center, Ido-Ekiti, Nigeria
AO Adeagbo: Department of Community Medicine, Federal Medical Center, Ido-Ekiti, Nigeria
Background: Tobacco smoking is one of the largest causes of preventable morbidity and mortality globally, and is responsible for many causes of premature deaths. This study seeks to find out cigarette-smoking practices among University Students in Ekiti State, Nigeria and identify its determinants. Methodology: This study was a descriptive cross-sectional study of young adults in tertiary institutions. The sample size was 300 while multi stage sampling technique was adopted to select the students that were interviewed. The pre-tested questionnaire was semi structured and it was self administered. Data analysis was done using Epi-Info version 3.4.1. Frequency tables and cross-tabulations were generated with a statistical significance p-value pre-determined at less than 0.05. Results: The prevalence of students that ever smoked was 66 (22.0%) while those that currently smoke are 41 (13.7%). Of the students that smoked, largest proportion (53.0%) smoked for pleasure. The mean age at onset of smoking was 15.14 + 4.34 while the mean number of sticks smoked per day was 4.46 + 4.59. Introduction to smoking was mainly by friends at home (48.6%), colleagues in school (33.3%) and siblings (18.1%) The factors that were positively associated with smoking habits were male sex, alcohol consumption, having a friend/relative that smokes, having no prior education on the dangers of smoking. They were all statistically significant. Conclusion: Peer influence is a very important source of cigarette smoking among the youths. Previous education on dangers of smoking and the perception that smoking is risky to health significantly reduced the prevalence of smoking. It is therefore recommended that health education on the risks associated with smoking be introduced to young adults early.
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