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International arbitration and its exclusion from the Brussels regime

Hamed Alavi () and Tatsiana Khamichonak ()
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Hamed Alavi: MBA. LLM. PhD. Candidate, Lecturer Tallinn Law School, Tallinn University of Technology, Estonia
Tatsiana Khamichonak: Tallinn Law School, Tallinn University of Technology, Estonia

Juridical Tribune (Tribuna Juridica), 2016, vol. 6, issue 1, pages 7-26

Abstract: The Brussels regime, which regulates the matters of transnational litigation excludes arbitration from its scope. Upon formation of the Brussels regime the existing instruments concerning arbitration - the United Nations Convention on Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards and the 1961 European Convention on International Commercial Arbitration - were believed to be sufficient. The original Brussels Convention 1968 on recognition and enforcement of judgments delivered in the courts of the EU Member States expressly provided for the exclusion of arbitration. The following Brussels I Regulation followed the trend and reinforced the exclusion of arbitration from their material scopes. The rationale for doing so was primarily the prevention of parallel proceedings and irreconcilable judgments. The arbitration exclusion from the Brussels regime has caused a fair amount of confusion, especially regarding the extent and limits of the exclusion. That is, whether the arbitration agreement, the arbitral award and its consequences are covered by the exclusion or they may fall under the scope of the Brussels regulation if they constitute only an incidental question to the main cause of action? The confusion was illustrated in the ECJ judgment West Tankers, which generated negative feedback from the arbitration community and indicated the need for reform. The recently adopted Recast Regulation took it upon itself to clarify the relationship between arbitration and the EU regime of transnational litigation. The exclusion is reinforced yet again and its boundaries are specified in the Preamble. However, whether or not the concerns about the extent and objectives of arbitration exclusion have been at present eliminated, remains to be seen.

Keywords: international arbitration; litigation; the EU law; Brussels regulation; Brussels recast (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: K11 K20 K30 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016
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