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Islamic Banks Financial Performance and Implications of Basel III Standards in the GCC: An Empirical Analysis

Osama M. Al-Hares (Correspondnce Author) () and Kashif Saleem ()
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Osama M. Al-Hares (Correspondnce Author): Faculty of Business - University of Wollongong in Dubai Knowledge Park, P.O. Box 20183, Dubai, UAE
Kashif Saleem: Faculty of Business - University of Wollongong in Dubai Knowledge Park, P.O. Box 20183, Dubai, UAE

Review of Economics & Finance, 2017, vol. 7, 80-97

Abstract: This study empirically evaluates Islamic banks financial performance and implications of Basel III regulations in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) region. We utilize bank-level data for 24 Islamic Banks based in six GCC countries (namely, Kuwait, United Arab Emirates, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Oman, Qatar, and Bahrain) for the period of 2006 to 2015. Financial performance is measured by using both Internal¨Cbased performance measure (Return on Assets) and Marketbased performance measure (Tobin¡¯s Q model). We employ regression analysis to capture the impact of bank size, credit risk, operational efficiency and asset management on performance measured by the two indicators. Moreover, to control for the implications of Basel III standards, we run our model with a dummy ¡®control¡¯ variable. The results reveal that the explanatory power of the internal¨Cbased performance model is higher than the market-based performance model. Not surprisingly, the results also indicate that financial performance of GCC Islamic banks is highly sensitive to Basel III regulations. We argue that findings of this study highly useful for capitalmarket participants who are interested in Islamic banking industry, in particular, GCC region.

Keywords: Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC); Islamic banks; Basel III standards; Tobin¡¯s Q Model (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: M40 M41 G20 G21 G28 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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