This study investigates the exchange rate pass-through for Australian imports of manufactures. Pass-through elasticities are estimated for total manufactures and forty product categories by applying an econometric procedure which avoids the pitfalls in previous studies to a carefully assembled data set. The determinants of pass-through are analyzed by relating the pass-through elasticities to variables representing foreign control, nontariff barriers, product characteristics, and market structure. The author finds that pass-through is incomplete for most products, with significant variation across products. Unlike previous studies, he finds that most of the variation in pass-through is explained by the presence of multinational corporations and nontariff barriers. Copyright 1996 by Royal Economic Society.