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The extended meanings of medical terms. Difficulties in the practice of translation

Corina Lungu, Oana Badea and Valentina Gabriela Hohota
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Corina Lungu: University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania
Oana Badea: University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania
Valentina Gabriela Hohota: University of Bourgogne, France

Social Sciences and Education Research Review, 2015, vol. 2, issue 2, pages 11-21

Abstract: Taking into account that the structure of a specialized field is never homogeneous, in order to interpret or translate a term, we should define and know its different possible "semantic manifestations" (Martin, 1972: 125). In order to facilitate understanding and to ensure translation accuracy, we analyze - from the perspective of an internal polysemy - the terms of the medical lexicon which constitute a specific and restrictive use of the common language lexicon. Through the study of a selection of terms extracted from a specialized dictionary (Dicţionar Medical, Rusu V. 2010), this communication illustrates the restrictions and the extensions of meaning in a double translation: the terms taken from the common language with a restrictive meaning in the specialized field; the terms belonging to related disciplines and various fields adopting a specific meaning in the medical area. All these directions of change of meaning are thus envisaged to facilitate the practice of translation which raises both general and specific difficulties.

Keywords: medical lexicon; change of meaning; common language; specialized field (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: A10 H69 Z10 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2015
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