Counting the cost of vulture decline--An appraisal of the human health and other benefits of vultures in India
Timothy Taylor (),
S. Murty and
Kishore Dhavala ()
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: M. Narsimha Murty and
Ecological Economics, 2008, vol. 67, issue 2, pages 194-204
Widespread use of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) diclofenac to treat livestock has resulted in dramatic declines in the populations of vultures across India. This has become an issue of considerable concern as vultures are a keystone species and their decline has a range of socio-economic, as well as cultural and biodiversity impacts. In this paper, we review these impacts and estimate in detail the economic cost of one of them: the human health impacts of the vulture decline. Livestock carcasses provide the main food supply for vultures, and are also eaten by dogs. Dogs are the main source of rabies in humans in India, and their populations have increased substantially in parallel with the vulture decline. The potential human health impact of rabies associated with the vulture decline is found to be significant. This, and a wide range of other impacts suggest that significant resources should be put into (1) testing of pharmaceutical products to ensure that similar situations are not repeated, (2) helping vulture populations to recover through the use of alternative drugs to diclofenac that are of low toxicity to vultures, and (3) through conservation breeding programmes.
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6VDY ... 335173aa3685ea71ba0c
Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: http://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:ecolec:v:67:y:2008:i:2:p:194-204
Access Statistics for this article
Ecological Economics is currently edited by C. J. Cleveland
More articles in Ecological Economics from Elsevier
Series data maintained by Zhang, Lei ().