EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Sleep behavior and unemployment conditions

Marina Antillón, Diane S. Lauderdale and John Mullahy

Economics & Human Biology, 2014, vol. 14, issue C, pages 22-32

Abstract: Recent research has reported that habitually short sleep duration is a risk factor for declining health, including increased risk of obesity, diabetes and coronary heart disease. In this study we investigate whether macroeconomic conditions are associated with variation in mean sleep time in the United States, and if so, whether the effect is procyclical or countercyclical. We merge state unemployment rates from 2003 through 2012 with the American Time Use Survey, a nationally representative sample of adults with 24h time diaries. We find that higher aggregate unemployment is associated with longer mean sleep duration, with each additional point of state unemployment associated with an additional average 0.83min of sleep (p<0.001), after adjusting for a secular trend of increasing sleep over the time period. Despite a national poll in 2009 that found one-third of Americans reporting losing sleep over the economy, we do not find that higher state unemployment is associated with more sleeplessness. Instead, we find that higher state unemployment is associated with less frequent time use described as “sleeplessness” (marginal effect=0.05 at 4% unemployment and 0.034 at 14% unemployment, p<0.001), after controlling for a secular trend.

Keywords: Sleep; Time use; Macroeconomic conditions; Unemployment (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2014
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1570677X14000446
Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: http://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:ehbiol:v:14:y:2014:i:c:p:22-32

Access Statistics for this article

Economics & Human Biology is currently edited by J. Komlos

More articles in Economics & Human Biology from Elsevier
Series data maintained by Zhang, Lei ().

 
Page updated 2014-06-25
Handle: RePEc:eee:ehbiol:v:14:y:2014:i:c:p:22-32