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Reprint of: Stopping contagion with bailouts: Micro-evidence from Pennsylvania bank networks during the panic of 1884

Haelim Park Anderson and John C. Bluedorn

Journal of Banking & Finance, 2017, vol. 83, issue C, 221-231

Abstract: Using a newly constructed historical dataset on the Pennsylvania state banking system, detailing the amounts of “due-froms” on a debtor bank-by-debtor bank basis, we investigate the effects of the Panic of 1884 and subsequent private sector-orchestrated bailout of systemically important banks (SIBs) on the broader banking sector. We find evidence that Pennsylvania banks with larger direct interbank exposures to New York City changed the composition of their asset holdings, shifting from loans to more liquid assets and reducing their New York City correspondent deposits in the near-term. Over the long-term though, only the lower correspondent deposits effect persisted. Our findings show that the banking turmoil in New York City impacted more exposed interior banks, but that bailouts of SIBs by the New York Clearing House likely short-circuited a full-scale banking panic.

Keywords: Financial networks; Contagion; Systemic risk; Systemically important banks (SIBs); Banking crisis; Bailout; Liquidity provision; New York Clearing House; Panic of 1884 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E58 G21 G28 N21 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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