Convergence on Alternative Human Capital Proxy Variables: A Cross Country Empirical Investigation
International Journal of Economics & Business Administration (IJEBA), 2016, vol. IV, issue 1, pages 86-109
This article conducts an empirical investigation comparing human capital convergence in three country groups of significantly different development levels: G7, developed and less developed. The contribution of this work is that Human capital evaluation surpasses enrolment and/or attainment rates. In addition to enrollment rates and government spending, alternative factors that determine the contribution of human capital are incorporated, such as book availability, researchers per capita and students per teacher. The results indicate moderate evidence of convergence among the three-country groups when â€œtraditionalâ€ variables are included. Nevertheless, the convergence â€œpictureâ€ becomes remarkably transformed in reference to unconventional human capital proxies; indicating the incapacity of traditional variables to capture the complexity of human capital creation, implying the existence of a â€œconvergence trapâ€ that emphasizes on â€˜moreâ€™ qualitative variables -ignored by traditional variables, suggesting a possible scenario of worldwide polarization, ultimately reinforced by political factors.
Keywords: Economic Development; Growth; convergence; Developing Country; Developmental State; Innovation; Least Developed Country; human capital; education (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O3 O31 O33 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: http://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ers:ijebaa:v:iv:y:2016:i:1:p:86-109
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