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Trade, Environment Quality and Income in MENA Region

Abbas Rezazadeh Karsalari (), Mohsen Mehrara () and Maysam Musai ()
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Abbas Rezazadeh Karsalari: Islamic Azad University, Tafresh Branch, Tafresh, Iran
Mohsen Mehrara: University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Maysam Musai: University of Tehran, Iran

Hyperion Economic Journal, 2014, vol. 2, issue 2, pages 17-24

Abstract: This paper investigates the causal relationship between environmental quality, GDP and trade for MENA region countries by using panel unit root tests and panel cointegration analysis for the period 1970-2011. The results show a strong causality from GDP and trade to environmental quality in these countries. Yet, Trade and environmental quality does not have any significant effects on GDP in short- and long-run. It means that it is the trade and GDP that drives environmental quality in mentioned countries, not vice versa. So the findings of this paper support the point of view that the cost of higher trade and economic growth is paid in terms of poorer environment.

Keywords: Unit root; Cointegration; Granger Causality; Environmental quality; Trade; Economic Growth (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q00 F1 F18 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2014
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