New Developments in Real-Time Kinematic Water Quality Monitoring of Lakes and River Basins
Lucia Bonadonna and
Tiziana Forte Additional contact information Luca Novelli: Archimedes Logica Co., Italy
Michele Vianello: Municipality of Venice, Italy
Hong Weimin: Environmental Monitoring Centre of Suzhou, China
Lucia Bonadonna: Italian National Institute of Health, Italy
Tiziana Forte: Italian Institute for Environmental Protection and Research, Italy
The kinematic approach to water monitoring of rivers and lakes was by Archimedes Logica under the EU initiatives (LIFE1996) for the monitoring of the Lagoon of Venice. These systems were limited to the measurement of typical basic parameters: pH, Eh, salinity, turbidity, dissolved oxygen, electrical conductivity, temperature and immersion depth. However, this earlier system was unable to help against pollution from hydrocarbons. In this paper, the authors present a new kinematic monitoring system named AQUARIUS, which integrates a new generation of automatic chemical and biological analyzers. Automatic sampling and measurement equipment for micro-organism discrimination and counting are present, especially for detecting dangerous species like toxic algae. This article describes the wide spectrum of applications of the new AQUARIUS system: safety control of freshwater reservoirs, detection of urban and agriculture impacts on inland waters and early warning detection of man-made accidents, which are aided by the adoption of new mobile measurement equipment and broadband data channels offered by the modern 3G network.