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Desigualdad geográfica en Chile

Claudio A Agostini and Phillip Brown ()
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Phillip Brown: Colby College, Waterville, Maine, United States and International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, D.C., United States.

Revista de Analisis Economico – Economic Analysis Review, 2007, vol. 22, issue 1, pages 3-33

Abstract: Despite success in reducing poverty over the last twenty years, inequality in Chile has remained virtually unchanged, making Chile one of the least equal countries in the world. High levels of inequality have been shown to hamper further reductions in poverty as well as economic growth and local inequality has been shown to affect such outcomes as violence and health. The study of inequality at the local level is thus crucial for understanding the economic well-being of a country. Local measures of inequality have been difficult to obtain, but recent theoretical advances have enabled the combination of survey and census data to obtain estimators of inequality that are robust at disaggregated geographic levels. In this paper, we employ this methodology to produce consistent estimators of inequality for every county in Chile. We find a great deal of variation in inequality, with countylevel Gini coefficients ranging from 0.41 to 0.63.

Keywords: Inequality; Maps (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D31 D63 O15 C53 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2007
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