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Attitudes towards immigrants and the integration of ethnically diverse societies

Tiiu Paas () and Vivika Halapuu ()
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Tiiu Paas: Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, University of Tartu
Vivika Halapuu: Estonian Ministry of Education and Research

Eastern Journal of European Studies, 2012, vol. 3(2), pages 161-176

Abstract: The paper aims to clarify the possible determinants of peoples’ attitudes towards immigrants depending on their personal characteristics as well as attitudes towards households’ socio-economic stability and a country's institutions relying on the data of the European Social Survey fourth round database. The study intends to provide empirical evidence-based grounds for the development of policy measures to integrate ethnically diverse societies, taking into account the composition of the country's population as well as other country’s peculiarities. The results of the empirical analysis are consistent with several theoretical approaches explaining individual and collective determinants of people’s attitudes towards immigrants. Ethnic minorities, urban people, people with higher education and income, as well as people who have work experience abroad are, as a rule, more tolerant towards immigrants in Europe. Furthermore, people whose attitudes to socio-economic risks are lower and who evaluate the political and legal systems of a country and its police higher are more tolerant towards immigrants. The respondents’ labour market status (employed, unemployed) does not have a statistically significant relationship with their attitudes towards immigrants. In addition to the respondent’s personal characteristics and their attitudes, the collective determinants depending on country specific conditions measured by country dummies are valid in explaining people’s attitudes towards immigration.

Keywords: attitudes; immigration; tolerance; economic growth; policy implications (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2012
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