Global Rebalancing with Gravity: Measuring the Burden of Adjustment
Robert Dekle (),
Jonathan Eaton () and
Samuel Kortum ()
IMF Staff Papers, 2008, vol. 55, issue 3, pages 511-540
This paper uses a 42-country model of production and trade to assess the implications of eliminating current account imbalances for relative wages, relative GDPs, real wages, and real absorption. How much relative GDPs need to change depends on flexibility of two forms: factor mobility and adjustment in sourcing of imports, with more flexibility requiring less change. At the extreme, U.S. GDP falls by 30 percent relative to the world's. Because of the pervasiveness of nontraded goods, however, most domestic prices move in parallel with relative GDP, so that changes in real GDP are small. IMF Staff Papers (2008) 55, 511–540. doi:10.1057/imfsp.2008.17; published online 24 June 2008
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