The spatial evolution of dry ports in developing economies: The Brazilian experience
Flavio Padilha () and
Adolf K Y Ng ()
Additional contact information Flavio Padilha: Tembo Solutions, 26 Des Voeux Road, Central, Hong Kong.
Adolf K Y Ng: Department of Logistics and Maritime Studies, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong.
This article investigates the spatial evolution of dry ports in Brazil, focusing on the State of Sao Paulo. We investigate how seaport development has affected the evolutionary pattern of dry port configuration in the State of Sao Paulo; and why dry ports in the State of Sao Paulo have not been able to develop in line with Brazil’s economic growth and the patterns of port development prescribed in the literature. We found that various factors, notably institutional barriers, have led to significant deviations in the evolution of Brazilian dry ports, suppressing the development of efficient multimodal supply chains within Brazil. Hence, we argue that the conventional spatial evolution in dry port development, as experienced by developed economies, may not be applicable in developing economies, where significant institutional and infrastructural obstacles exist.