WOMEN IN MANAGEMENT: A STUDY OF CHILEAN EXECUTIVES
Nureya Abarca () and
Nicolás Majluf ()
Additional contact information Nureya Abarca: Escuela de Administración, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Nicolás Majluf: Escuela de Ingeniería de la Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile Católica de Chile
This paper analyzes the perceptions of men and women executives regarding the situation confronted by women working in Chilean corporations. It is based on the administration of a questionnaire to 80 executives, 50 women and 30 men. Three main areas were explored: difficulties confronted by women when balancing work and family, constraints in the advancement of their professional careers, and the differential management style of men and women. Results show that in Chile men and women hold different perceptions on the role of women and on how to balance work and family. Women at work perceive constraints reflected in the salary gap, barriers for hiring women, and the limits to career development. Women see themselves as more peopleoriented, while they see men as more task-oriented. Finally, to succeed, they suggest that they have to inhibit their differential traits and act more like men do in executive positions.