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ACCOUNTING FRAUD AND CHARACTERISTICS OF COMPANY EXECUTIVES: AN EMPIRICAL INVESTIGATION

Maria Baxevani () and George Mylonas ()
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Maria Baxevani: Eastern Macedonia and Thrace Institute of Technology
George Mylonas: University of Sheffield

Scientific Bulletin - Economic Sciences, 2014, vol. 13, issue 2, pages 31-42

Abstract: This study examines accounting fraud in relation to the characteristics of company executives. The study portrays the degree to which company as well as personal motives could urge an executive to commit fraud. Subsequently, we attempt to identify the degree to which certain socio-economic factors and the existence of strong internal audit mechanisms act as deterrence agents. Furthermore, we investigate the personal financial gain in relation to annual income as a motivator to commit fraud. Finally, we examine the optimal imprisonment duration as a deterrent and the overall probability to commit fraud. The research method was based in the distribution of a questionnaire and took place in the city of Thessaloniki and the region of West Macedonia and Thessaly. The participants were executives in the banking, financial and insurance sector. Our findings show that it is mostly personal factors that motivate an executive to commit fraud, but the fear of immediate legal sanctions and the existence of strong internal audit mechanisms are effective deterrence agents.

Keywords: accounting fraud; company executives; incentives of fraud; imprisonment. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: M42 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2014
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