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The Impact of Economic Variables on Food Security in the Provinces of Iran: Measuring and Comparing

Fatemeh Bagherzadeh Azar (), Reza Ranjpour (), Zahra Karami Takanlou (), Mohammad Ali Motaffaker Azad () and Ahmad Assadzadeh ()
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Fatemeh Bagherzadeh Azar: Ph.D. Candidate in Economics, University of Tabriz
Reza Ranjpour: Associate Professor of Economics, University of Tabriz
Zahra Karami Takanlou: Assistant Professor of Economics, University of Tabriz
Mohammad Ali Motaffaker Azad: Professor of Economics, University of Tabriz
Ahmad Assadzadeh: Associate Professor of Economics, University of Tabriz

Quarterly Journal of Applied Theories of Economics, 2017, vol. 3, issue 4, pages 47-76

Abstract: Food security has been a global problem and has attracted the attention of policy-maker and scientific circles. So, the purpose of this study is calculating food security in provinces and identifying variables that strengthen or stopping it. In this regard, first food security situation of the provinces of Iran during 2006-2013 are calculated with multi- sectoral index based on human development index. The result shows that on average provinces of Sistan and Baluchistan, Hormozgan and South Khorasan have worst food security situation and East Azerbaijan, Khorasan and Fars have the highest food security situation. Then examine the impact of economic factors on food security with Dynamic Panel Data method. The result suggests that economic growth index is a positive factor, urbanization and consumption price are negative factors in improving food security index. The result of Sensitivity analysis reinforces the same result.

Keywords: Food security; Economic growth; Consumption price; Provinces (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C33 E31 O18 O40 Q18 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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