'We both need to work': maternal employment, childcare and health care in Britain and the USA
Clare Lyonette (),
Gayle Kaufman and
Rosemary Crompton Additional contact information Clare Lyonette: University of Warwick, UK
Gayle Kaufman: Davidson College, USA
Rosemary Crompton: City University, London, UK
Both Britain and the USA are described as market-oriented or 'liberal' welfare regimes. However, there are important variations within these two countries: although both have high rates of maternal employment, part-time work is much more common in the UK than in the USA, where dual-earner (full-time) couples are the norm. Part-time employment can help to ease work-family conflict for women, while simultaneously contributing to the household income. However, part-time work is limited in its economic benefits, is also career limiting, and, in the USA, it generally comes without health insurance. While most of the current research regarding maternal employment decisions focuses on women, this research involves interviews with 83 British and American fathers, to better understand the complexity of such decision-making. Men's attitudes and experiences are examined in detail, focusing on the need for two incomes, the importance of paid health care and childcare costs and the potential role of part-time work.