Rural development is a European concern. The rural areas have great potential to create productive jobs and wealth. In Albania more than half of the population lives in rural areas and agriculture is the main source of income and employment. This paper focuses primarily in general situation of rural areas in Albania, in analyse the present situation, problems and difficulties. The problems of rural development are focused in: the concentration and allocation of the population, the diseconomies of the distance, equal accesses in the public services, the secure network for people and the physic infrastructure toward the social one. Region of Korca in Albania is chosen as a case study area to provide a detailed analysis of education system and health care services in mountainous areas of Region. The paper finally concludes with suggestions for rural policies.