Sir Timothy Coghlan (1855?1926) was the statistician for New South Wales from 1886. He produced the world's first example of national financial accounts, and is regarded as Australia's first 'mandarin'. His advice was sought by state and federal governments on matters as diverse as tax, public sanitation and infant mortality. In 1905 he took up an appointment as a New South Wales government agent in London, remaining there for the rest of his life. First published in 1918, this monumental book is Coghlan's very personal history of Australia, embracing materials, population growth, trade and land. It combines his long interest in literature, socio-political issues, statistics and finance with his professional interest in demography and fiscal policy. It offers an authoritative and balanced view of both the specific events and general developments in which he was intimately involved.