Trade theory is more than an intellectual exercise. It helps design national policies and priorities that in turn help shape interrelations between groups within nations and between nations. It will be argued here that we took our mainstream theories so seriously that we ignored significant trends and groups that have their own unique roles to play in the management of resources on the land that lie underneath them, and more importantly, in the process, deviated from the economic and social democratic exercises that we set for ourselves in post-War times. This is globalization as its worst as the State looks the other way (or even complicit) as groups are pitched against the weakest within the proletariat – ones whom, as (a) forest foragers (b) part-time foragers living close to cultural villages (c) or independent communities recently brought into regional and international policies, other than the resources underneath them, hardly identify with the global economy, nor can they mount any serious political challenge since many do not have numbers on their side. The Bushmen in Southern Africa and some minority Latin American indigenous are the focus of the inquiry here.