Using data from the Demographic and Health Survey (EDST-II), the study first constructed a composite index that characterized non-monetary assets. It then identified the determinants of child malnutrition by correlating both the non-monetary wealth and the socio-demographic characteristics of households. Among the characteristics specific to the child, age and sex are the main explanatory factors of child health status. Parental education has a positive impact on the improvement of the child’s nutritional status, in particular in rural areas. Moreover, the household’s wealth level has a positive impact on child health and nutritional status in both rural and urban areas.