In 2002, both China and the EU suffered from a trade dispute over animal products. The aim of the report is to document this framework, in order to make a constructive contribution towards bridging the gap of understanding and accessibility of the countries' procedures in particular and of their trade relations in general. This report illustrates how the Chinese legal and institutional system differs from that in the EU. Laws, administrative documents and regulations are all part of the Chinese legal system and have an equally binding force. The Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) and the General Administration for Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine (AQSIQ) are the two most important institutions monitoring food safety in China.