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The Environmental Kuznets Curve: A Primer

David Stern ()

No 249424, Working Papers from Australian National University, Centre for Climate Economics & Policy

Abstract: The environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) is a hypothesized relationship between various indicators of environmental degradation and income per capita. As economies get richer environmental impacts first rise but eventually fall. In reality, though some types of environmental degradation have been reduced in developed countries others have not. Furthermore, the statistical evidence for the EKC is not robust and the mechanisms that might drive such patterns are still contested.

Keywords: Carbon dioxide emissions; climate change; cointegration; econometrics; economic development; economic growth; environmental economics; environmental policy; pollution; sulfur emissions; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q53; Q56 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2014-06
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