The importance of bio-fuels as an alternative to oil is growing due to the increasing volatility of oil prices. As bio-fuels increasingly replace oil, their higher demand can be an opportunity for developing underdeveloped countries rich with resources for bio-fuel production to engage in such production and as a result, develop. The feasibility of growing the relevant feedstock, Jatropha curcas, in this case, for the production of bio-fuels, specifically, bio-diesel, in Tanzania is evaluated. The factors, which are investigated, include policy, population density, technology and infrastructure. It was found that the labour characteristics, population density and the state of the available technology provide suitable conditions for bio-fuel production. However, adjustments to policy and investment in infrastructure will be necessary to encourage further such production.