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Divergências estruturais, competitividade e restrição externa ao crescimento: uma análise da crise e das limitações da zona do euro

André Sander Diniz and Frederico Jayme Jr ()
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André Sander Diniz: EESP/FGV-SP

Textos para Discussão Cedeplar-UFMG from Cedeplar, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais

Abstract: The recent debt crisis in Greece, Ireland and Portugal has exposed the fragility existing in the Euro zone for promoting development and economic convergence between the countries that have adopted the currency. Way beyond the fear of insolvency, what is observed is a growing disparity of the most-developed countries in comparison to the less-developed ones, with perverse consequences for the last ones. Once the nominal exchange rates are fixed, the divergent movements in relative prices and wages between the countries have led to totally distinct paths for the real exchange rates. Worsening the scenario, one can observe the incompleteness of the political union, the monetarist focus of the ECB and the lack of labor mobility between the countries, what distances from the argument stated by the theory and puts in jeopardize the future of the monetary union.

Keywords: Exchange rate; monetary union; inflation; current account; balance-of-payments constraints. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E42 F33 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2012-01
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