Determinants of Pollution Abatement and Control Expenditure in Romania: A Multilevel Analysis
Guglielmo Maria Caporale,
Christophe Rault (),
Robert Sova () and
No 3255, CESifo Working Paper Series from CESifo Group Munich
The transition process in Central and Eastern Europe was associated with growing environmental awareness. This paper analyses the determinants of Pollution Abatement and Control Expenditure (PACE) at plant level in the case of Romania using survey data and a Multilevel Regression Model (MRM). Our findings suggest that, although Romania has improved its environmental performance, formal and informal regulation are still only partially developed due to the difficulties of economic transition, and heterogeneity across regions remains considerable.
Keywords: Pollution Abatement and Control Expenditure; transition economy; Multilevel Regression Model (MRM) (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C29 C40 Q52 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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