Recalling the dates indicating the evolution of contacts between Armenia and Turkey makes it possible to discern different stages of the implementation of the new regional framework. At the bipolar age, the cross-border exchanges between Turkey and Armenia strictly depend on the economic situation prevailing in the Soviet Union. Turkish exportations which go to the USSR from Dogu Kapi and which traverse Armenia, are not of considerable amounts, however the gains for the breeders cannot be neglected. Deterioration of the economic situation in the USSR puts an end this flow of exchanges. Closure of the sole border with Armenia and opening of borders with Georgia and Nakhitchevan are significant in 1990s. The relations between the newly independent Armenia and Turkey insert in the new regional framework: Turkey defines its relations with Armenia within the context of the Upper-Karabagh war and the Armenian invasion of the Azeri territories following this war. The new decision imposing on the Armenian citizens the necessity to obtain a visa reveals the existence of a new factor which influences the course of relations between two States: although not being the sole actor, Armenian Diaspora becomes a factor that cannot be ignored.