Political institutions, additionally to economic, international and cultural “conditions of democracy”, appear as the necessary prime “framework” (as the set of rules, forms and procedures) for the democracy to emerge and consolidate. Political institutions are especially important in countries with divided societies. The design and the format of political institutions can systematically favor or disadvantage religious, ethnic or regional groups and their inclusion or exclusion from the process of decision-making; by these means institutions are capable of facilitating conflict management in divided societies. The bicameral system of parliament is one of democratic institutions, entitled to facilitate conflicts by means of representation of different groups on the political arena. Usually it is the second chamber which appears as a forum for discussion and facilitation of these different (at times, conflicting) interests. Moreover, bicameralism is assumed to strengthen the principle of the separation of powers in a country.