Biodiversity plays a fundamental role in the survival of species and humans. It provides us with the necessary means to survive on earth. Biodiversity is being depleted due to overpopulation, invasive species and the potential threats of biotechnology. In North America, issues of biodiversity preservation have been addressed in the NAFTA forum by the Commission for Environmental Cooperation. This environmental organization produced a Report in which acknowledged the challenges in preserving biological diversity, the potential threats of Living Modified Organisms in this region, and the clash between environmental preservation and international trade.