Migrants and the Making of America: The Short and Long Run Effects of Immigration during the Age of Mass Migration
Nathan Nunn (),
Nancy Qian () and
No 11899, CEPR Discussion Papers from C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers
We study the effects of European immigration to the United States during the Age of Mass Migration (1850-1920) on economic prosperity today. We exploit variation in the extent of immigration across counties arising from the interaction of fluctuations in aggregate immigrant flows and the gradual expansion of the railway network across the United States. We find that locations with more historical immigration today have higher incomes, less poverty, less unemployment, higher rates of urbanization, and greater educational attainment. The long-run effects appear to arise from the persistence of sizeable short-run benefits, including greater industrialization, increased agricultural productivity, and more innovation.
Keywords: economic development; historical persistence; Immigration (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: B52 F22 N72 O10 O40 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-gro, nep-his, nep-hme, nep-int, nep-mig and nep-ure
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations View citations in EconPapers (1) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
CEPR Discussion Papers are free to download for our researchers, subscribers and members. If you fall into one of these categories but have trouble downloading our papers, please contact us at email@example.com
Working Paper: Migrants and the Making of America: The Short- and Long-Run Effects of Immigration during the Age of Mass Migration (2017)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: http://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:11899
Ordering information: This working paper can be ordered from
http://www.cepr.org/ ... rs/dp.php?dpno=11899
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in CEPR Discussion Papers from C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers Centre for Economic Policy Research, 77 Bastwick Street, London EC1V 3PZ..
Series data maintained by (). This e-mail address is bad, please contact .