EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Amenities and the Social Structure of Cities

Carl Gaigne, Hans R.A. Koster, Fabien Moizeau and Jacques-François Thisse

No 11958, CEPR Discussion Papers from C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers

Abstract: We develop a new model of a "featureful" city in which locations are differentiated by two attributes, that is, the distance to employment centers and the accessibility to given amenities, and we show how heterogeneous households in income are sorted out across the urban space. Under Stone-Geary preferences, the spatial income distribution is governed by a location-quality index which reflects the interaction between the amenity and commuting cost functions. The residential equilibrium typically involves the spatial separation of households sharing similar incomes. Using data on Dutch cities, we show that there is a causal relationship between the amenity level and consumer income, suggesting that richer households sort themselves into high amenity locations. We do not find strong evidence that employment accessibility leads to income segregation, suggesting that the standard monocentric city model without amenities is a poor predictor of the social structure of cities.

Keywords: amenities; cities; commuting; Income; social stratification (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: R14 R23 R53 Z13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017-04
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations View citations in EconPapers (1) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://www.cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=11958 (application/pdf)
CEPR Discussion Papers are free to download for our researchers, subscribers and members. If you fall into one of these categories but have trouble downloading our papers, please contact us at subscribers@cepr.org

Related works:
Working Paper: Amenities and the Social Structure of Cities (2017) Downloads
Working Paper: Amenities and the Social Structure of Cities (2017) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: http://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:11958

Ordering information: This working paper can be ordered from
http://www.cepr.org/ ... rs/dp.php?dpno=11958

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in CEPR Discussion Papers from C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers Centre for Economic Policy Research, 77 Bastwick Street, London EC1V 3PZ..
Series data maintained by (). This e-mail address is bad, please contact .

 
Page updated 2017-09-17
Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:11958