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Populism and the Economics of Globalization

Dani Rodrik

No 12119, CEPR Discussion Papers from C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers

Abstract: Populism may seem like it has come out of nowhere, but it has been on the rise for a while. I argue that economic history and economic theory both provide ample grounds for anticipating that advanced stages of economic globalization would produce a political backlash. While the backlash may have been predictable, the specific form it took was less so. I distinguish between left-wing and right-wing variants of populism, which differ with respect to the societal cleavages that populist politicians highlight. The first has been predominant in Latin America, and the second in Europe. I argue that these different reactions are related to the relative salience of different types of globalization shocks.

Keywords: Globalization; populism (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: G02 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-his, nep-int, nep-lam, nep-ltv and nep-pke
Date: 2017-06
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