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Swedish regional GDP 1855-2000: estimations and general trends in the Swedish regional system

Kerstin Sofia Enflo, Martin Henning () and Lennart Schön ()

Working Papers in Economic History from Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Historia Económica e Instituciones

Abstract: This paper uses a method devised by Geary and Stark to estimate regional GDPs for 24 Swedish provinces 1855-2007. In empirical tests, we find that the Swedish estimations yield results of good precision, comparable to those reported in the international literature. From the literature, we generate six expectations concerning the development of regional GDPs in Sweden. Using the GDP estimations, we test these expectations empirically. We find that the historical regional GDPs show a high correlation over time, but that the early industrialization process co-evolved with a dramatic redistribution of productive capacity. We show that the regional inequalities in GDP per capita were at their lowest point in modern history in the early 1980s. However, while efficiency in the regional system has never been as equal, absolute regional differences in scale of production has increased dramatically over our investigated period. This process has especially benefited the metropolitan provinces. We also sketch a research agenda from our results.

Keywords: Industrialization; Regional inequality; Regional income; Economic growth (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: N93 N94 R11 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-geo and nep-his
Date: 2010-03
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