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Estimating Heterogeneous Returns to Education in Germany via Conditional Heteroskedasticity

Nils Saniter

No 1213, Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin from DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research

Abstract: In this paper I investigate the causal returns to education for different educational groups in Germany by employing a new method by Klein and Vella (2010) that bases identification on the presence of conditional heteroskedasticity. Compared to IV methods, key advantages of this approach are unbiased estimates in the absence of instruments and parameter interpretation that is not bounded to local average treatment effects. Using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP) I find that the causal return to education is 8.5% for the entire sample, 2.3% for graduates from the basic school track and 11% for graduates from a higher school track. Across these groups the endogeneity bias in simple OLS regressions varies significantly. This confirms recent evidence in the literature on Germany. Various robustness checks support the findings.

Keywords: Return to education; wage equation; control function approach; second moment exclusion restriction (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C3 I21 J31 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-edu, nep-eur, nep-lab and nep-lma
Date: 2012
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Related works:
Working Paper: Estimating Heterogeneous Returns to Education in Germany via Conditional Heteroskedasticity (2012) Downloads
Working Paper: Estimating Heterogeneous Returns to Education in Germany via Conditional Heteroskedasticity (2012) Downloads
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