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Naturalization Proclivities, Ethnicity and Integration

Amelie F. Constant (), Liliya Gataullina and Klaus F. Zimmermann ()

No 755, Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin from DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research

Abstract: This paper studies the determinants of naturalization among Turkish and ex-Yugoslav immigrants in Germany differentiating between actual and planned citizenship. Using the German Socio-Economic Panel, we measure the impact that integration and ethnicity indicators exert on the probability to naturalize beyond the standard individual and human capital characteristics. A robust finding is that German citizenship is very valuable to female immigrants and the generally better educated, but not to those educated in Germany. We find that the degree of integration in German society has a differential effect on citizenship acquisition. While a longer residence in Germany has a negative influence on actual or future naturalization, arriving at a younger age and having close German friends are strong indicators of a positive proclivity to citizenship acquisition. Likewise, ethnic origins and religion also influence these decisions. Muslim immigrants in Germany are more willing to become German citizens than non-Muslim immigrants, but there are also fewer German citizens among Muslims than among non-Muslims.

Keywords: Citizenship; naturalization; ethnicity; integration (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F22 J15 J61 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-mig
Date: 2007
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Published in: International Journal of Manpower 30 (2009), 1/2, 70-82

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Journal Article: Naturalization proclivities, ethnicity and integration (2009) Downloads
Working Paper: Naturalization Proclivities, Ethnicity and Integration (2008) Downloads
Working Paper: Naturalization Proclivities, Ethnicity and Integration (2008) Downloads
Working Paper: Naturalization Proclivities, Ethnicity and Integration (2007) Downloads
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