This paper aims to clarify the role of market regulations in rent creation and rent sharing. For each country-industry-year observation, the rent size (RS), measured by the value added price relative to the GDP price, is assumed to depend solely on direct anti-competitive regulations (ACR) on services and goods. The second step explains the rent sharing process by using the impact of our RS measure on the capital share. ACR on the good market increases rent size. RS increases the capital share but the magnitude highly depends on the bargaining power of the two alternative beneficiaries: workers and upstream industries.