This paper has three original contributions. The first is the reconstructioneffort of the series of employment and income to allow the creation of a newcoincident index for the Brazilian economic activity. The second is the construction of a coincident index of the economic activity for Brazil, and fromit, (re) establish a chronology of recessions in the recent past of the Brazilian economy. The coincident index follows the methodology proposed by TheConference Board (TCB) and it covers the period 1980:1 to 2007:11. The thirdis the construction and evaluation of many leading indicators of economic activity for Brazil which fills an important gap in the Brazilian Business Cyclesliterature.