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Surviving the genocide: the impact of the Rwandan genocide on child mortality

Federico Ciani () and Gianna Claudia Claudia Giannelli ()
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Federico Ciani: Università degli Studi di Firenze, Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche, http://www.dse.unifi.it/

Working Papers - Economics from Universita' degli Studi di Firenze, Dipartimento di Scienze per l'Economia e l'Impresa

Abstract: The aim of this paper is to investigate the consequences of the Rwandan genocide on infant and child mortality. Between April and July 1994 Rwanda experienced a tremendous wave of inter-ethnic violence that caused at least 500.000 deaths. We use the Rwanda DHS 2000 survey to test if exposure to the genocide has induced an increase in infant and child mortality. Considering both direct exposure to the conflict and exposure while in utero, we estimate several specifications of discrete-time survival models with piecewise constant baseline hazards. Our results show that the conflict increases significantly infant mortality, and that, several years after the end of the war, this effect is still there to undermine the survival of children who were exposed to it.

Keywords: genocide; child mortality; child health; survival analysis; Rwanda (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I20 J13 O12 Z13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2011
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Related works:
Working Paper: Surviving the Genocide: The Impact of the Rwandan Genocide on Child Mortality (2013) Downloads
Working Paper: Surviving the Genocide: The Impact of the Rwandan Genocide on Child Mortality (2013) Downloads
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