The Creative Class and Regional Growth: Towards a Knowledge Based Approach
Hansen Høgni Kalsø (),
Jan Vang () and
Bjørn Terje Asheim Additional contact information Hansen Høgni Kalsø: Department of Social and Economic Geography, Lund University, Postal: Sölvegatan 12, 223 62 Lund, Sweden,
Jan Vang: CIRCLE and Copenhagen Institute of Technology, Aalborg University, Postal: CIRCLE, Lund University, PO Box 117, Sölvegatan 16, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden, ,, http://personprofil.aau.dk/profil/100496
Research in regional growth has been characterised by two trends in recent years. The first is that creativity and talents are seen as parameters for regional growth. The creative class approach has argued that competition for talents has increased as innovation becomes crucial for maintaining competitiveness. This has forced local and regional authorities to implement new political actions toward supplementing the traditional business orientated policies with policies orientated towards attracting and retaining people. The second trend argues that regional analysis and policy-making need to be disaggregated to meet the diverse needs of different regions and due to the particularities characterizing innovative industries drawing on different knowledge bases. This paper argues that combining the understanding of knowledge on a disaggregated level that characterizes the knowledge base approach and the perspective on talent that the creative class approach represents provide a promising framework for regional analysis.