MACROECONOMIC CONDITIONS, INSTITUTIONAL FACTORS AND DEMOGRAPHIC STRUCTURE: WHAT CAUSES WELFARE CASELOADS?
Luis Ayala () and
César Pérez ()
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César Pérez: Instituto de Estudios Fiscales
No 2-03, Working Papers from Instituto de Estudios Fiscales
Some of the possible determinants of the changes observed in the welfare caseloads have been analysed in this study. Our model attempts to explain variations in the welfare caseloads on the basis of four different factors: macroeconomic conditions, interactions with other income maintenance programmes, changes in the programme’s parameters and changes in the demographic structure. The model was tested by applying different time series techniques. The data employed is of an administrative nature and covered the whole period the Madrid programme has been in operation. The results show that institutional factors carry more weight than macroeconomic factors concerning changes in the welfare caseloads. The results warn against the standardisation of political decisions given that the effects vary considerably among the different demographic groups.
Keywords: welfare; caseloads; cointegration. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I30 I38 C22 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: http://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:hpe:wpaper:y:2003:i:2
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