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The Political Economy of Productivity. The Case of Chile

Cristobal Aninat, Jose Miguel Benavente, Ignacio Briones, Nicolas Eyzaguirre, Patricio Navia and Jocelyn Olivari

No 4662, Research Department Publications from Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department

Abstract: This paper analyzes the political economy of productivity-related policymaking in Chile following a political transaction cost model (Spiller and Tommasi, 2003; Murillo et al., 2008). The main findings indicate that i) the Chilean policymaking process (PMP) was successful in the 1990s in implementing productivityenhancing policies, but as the country moved to a higher stage of development, the PMP grew less adept at generating the more complex set of policies needed to increase productivity at this stage; and ii) the Chilean PMP is less transparent than previously thought (Aninat et al., 2008), thus allowing political actors to favor private interests without being punished by the electorate. This has become apparent as the more sophisticated reforms needed at this stage of development require a deeper and more consolidated democracy.

Keywords: Economic policy; Institutional reforms; Productivity; Pensions; Education; Innovation; State modernization; Competitiveness; Chile (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: L52 O25 O40 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev and nep-pol
Date: 2010-04
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