Race, poverty, and deprivation in South Africa
Carlos Gradín ()
No 224, Working Papers from ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality
The aim of this paper is to explain why poverty and material deprivation in South Africa are significantly higher among those of African descent than among whites. To do so, we estimate the conditional levels of poverty and deprivation Africans would experience had they the same characteristics as whites. By comparing the actual and counterfactual distributions, we show that the racial gap in poverty and deprivation can be attributed to the cumulative disadvantaged characteristics of Africans, such as their current level of educational attainment, demographic structure, and area of residence, as well as to the inertia of past racial inequalities. Progress made in the educational and labor market outcomes of Africans after Apartheid explains the reduction in the racial poverty differential.
Keywords: poverty; deprivation; race; decomposition; South Africa; households’ characteristics. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D31 D63 I32 J15 J71 J82 O15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-afr, nep-dev, nep-lab and nep-ltv
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Journal Article: Race, Poverty and Deprivation in South Africa (2013)
Working Paper: Race, Poverty, and Deprivation in South Africa (2011)
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Persistent link: http://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:inq:inqwps:ecineq2011-224
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