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Economic Reforms and Productivity-Enhancing Reallocation in the Post-Soviet Transition

J. David Brown () and John Sutherland Earle ()

No 1044, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Abstract: How do economic reforms affect resource reallocation processes and their contributions to productivity growth? This paper studies the consequences of enterprise privatization and liberalization of product markets, labor markets, and imports in the former Soviet Republics of Russia and Ukraine. Analyzing interfirm reallocation of output, labor, capital, and an input index with annual industrial census data from 1985 to 2001, we find that Soviet Russia displayed low reallocation rates that bore little relationship to relative labor and multifactor productivity across firms. Since reforms began, resource flows have increased in both countries, and their contributions to aggregate productivity growth have become substantial both through increased flows from less productive to more productive continuing firms and through higher exits of less productive entities – i.e., through creative destruction. Among the policy-relevant factors that may explain firm-level variation, privatization is estimated to have positive effects on productivity-enhancing reallocation, but there is less evidence of such effects from domestic product market competition, labor market competition, or import penetration.

Keywords: job creation; creative destruction; reallocation; productivity; Russia; Ukraine (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E24 J63 O47 P23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cis, nep-cwa, nep-dev and nep-tra
Date: 2004-03
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Working Paper: Economic Reforms and Productivity-Enhancing Reallocation in the Post-Soviet Transition (2004) Downloads
Working Paper: Economic Reforms and Productivity-Enhancing Reallocation in the Post-Soviet Transition (2004) Downloads
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