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What Determines European Real Exchange Rates?

Martin Berka () and Michael B. Devereux ()

No 15753, NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc

Abstract: We study a newly constructed panel data set of relative prices of a large number of consumer goods among 31 European countries. We find that there is a substantial and non-diminishing deviation from PPP at all levels of aggregation, even among eurozone members. However, real exchange rates are very closely tied to relative GDP per capita within Europe, both across countries and over time. This relationship is highly robust at all levels of aggregation. We construct a simple two-sector endowment economy model of real exchange rate determination. Simulating the model using the historical relative GDP per capita for each country, we find that for most (but not all) countries there is a very close fit between the actual and simulated real exchange rate.

JEL-codes: F31 F41 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cba, nep-eec, nep-ifn and nep-opm
Date: 2010-02
Note: IFM
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Published as Trends in European Real Exchange Rates. (with Martin Berka) Economic Policy, 28, 193-242

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Related works:
Working Paper: What determines European real exchange rates? (2011) Downloads
Working Paper: What determines European real exchange rates? (2010) Downloads
Working Paper: What determines European real exchange rates? (2010) Downloads
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